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初中英语语法大全汇总

2020-01-14 17:04:48 作者:趣趣少儿英语

  今天小编就关于初中英语语法大全汇总,总结关于词性的变化规则,希望对孩子的教学能有帮助。

  1、形容词和副词的比较级和最高级



  (The Comparative and Superlative Degrees of Adjective and Adverbs)

  大多数形容词和副词有三个等级:

  1)原级,即原形。

  2)比较级,表示“较……”或“更……一些”的意思。

  3)最高级,表示“最……”的意思。

  1.形容词和副词比较级和最高级的构成

  (1)规则变化

  单音节词和少数双音节词

  一般在词尾加-er或-est

  cold colder coldest

  strong stronger strongest

  fast faster fastest

  slow slow slowest

  以字母e结尾的形容词,加-r或-st

  nice nicer nicest

  large larger largest

  重读闭音节词只有一个辅音字母时,应先双写辅音字母,再加-er或-est

  big bigger biggest

  thin thinner thinnest

  hot hotter hottest

  以“辅音字母+y”结尾的双音节词,先改“y”为“i”,再加-er或-est

  easy esaier easiest

  happy happier happiest

  early earlier earliest

  少数以-er,-ow结尾的双音节词clever(聪明的)未尾加-er,-est

  clever cleverer cleverest

  narrow narrower narrowest

  多音节词和部分双音节词

  在词前加more或most

  delicious more delicious most delicious

  interesting more interesting most interting

  easily more easily most easily

  carefully more carefully most carefully

  (2)不规则变化

  good/well better best

  bad/badly worse worst

  much/many more most

  little less least

  far farther/further farthest/furthest

初中英语语法大全汇总

  2、形容词和副词的比较级和最高级的用法



  比较级:表示两者(人或事物)的比较

  Mr King is taller than Mr Read

  This mooncakes is nicer than that one。

  The tractor is going faster than the bike。

  最高级:表示三者或三者以上(人或事物)的比较,其中有一个在某一方面超过其他几个时,用最高级。最高级的前面一般要加定冠词the。后面可带of(in)短语来说明比较的范围。

  Whose drawing is he best of all?

  She is the youngest in the class.

  The taxi is going ghe fastest.

  Mr Qin is walking tje slowest of all.

  注:在形容词和副词的比较级前,有时可以用much,a little等来修饰,

  如:much better a little taller

  3、数词(Numerals)(2)

  序数词(Ordinal Numbers)

  序数词表示事物的顺序,往往与定冠词the连用。

  fist 1st twentieth 20th

  second 2nd twenty-first 21th

  third 3nd thirieth 30th

  fourth 4nd thirty-ninth 39th

  fifth 5nd fortieth 40th

  sixth 6th fiftieth 50th

  seventh 7th sixtieth 60th

  eighth 8th seventieth 70th

  nineth 9th ninetieth 80th

  tenth 10th hundredth 100th

  eleventh 11th one hundred and first 101st

  twelfth 12th

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